Plan for the transport of special need populations, such as prisoners, during no-notice evacuations by advance identification of the line of authority as well as the potential evacuation routes.
Experience from no-notice evacuations transporting prisoners from a county jail to a safe zone.
- Ensure that the procedures for the evacuation and re-entry plan are in written form and readily available to staff. Having been aware that the proximity of the jail to the hazardous material plant presented a risk, the Sheriff of the County Jail had "thought of" an evacuation plan prior to the emergency which he communicated to the Chief Deputy and the Jail Administrator. In this case, lacking written procedures did not hinder the evacuation; nonetheless, best practices dictate that the evacuation and re-entry plans be in written form so that they are accessible. The plan should include information about the location of resources such as buses and up-to-date contact information for related agencies (department of transportation, Red Cross, ambulances and fire department).
- Select evacuation routes that are appropriate for the population. The Sheriff of the County Jail selected an evacuation route for the transport of prisoners that consisted of state road, as opposed to county roads, because of his evaluation that the state roads could be secured. For example, the wider shoulders on state roads and the multi-lane facilities allow buses to pass stalled vehicles (or debris), and they also provide room for police escort. The state roads also increase mobility by allowing the buses to travel at faster speeds than is possible on local roads.
- Implement a staffing schedule so that at least one person with knowledge of the evacuation plan, and authority and means is on duty. The Sheriff of the County Jail shared his evacuation plan with two other members of the staff (the Chief Deputy and the Jail Administrator) and implemented a schedule so that one of these individuals was on-duty; the schedule precluded all three of the knowledgeable staff members from being off-duty at the same time.
Author: Stephanie Wilson-Goure, Nancy Houston, Andrea Vann Easton
Published By: Federal Highway Administration
Source Date: February 2006
Other Reference Number: FHWA-HOP-08-014URL: http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/fhwahop08014/index.htm
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