Benefit

In Arizona, traffic signal coordination among two jurisdictions contributed to a 1.6 percent reduction in fuel consumption and a 1.2 increase in carbon monoxide emissions.


April 2000
Scottsdale,Arizona,United States; Tempe,Arizona,United States


Summary Information

This report contains the evaluation results for three projects undertaken during the Metropolitan Model Deployment Initiative in Phoenix, Arizona (collectively known as AZTech). Investigators noted that Phoenix does not generally experience the severe levels of congestion common in some other metropolitan areas; this could be a contributing factor to the minimal benefit achieved by some of the implemented systems. The authors particularly noted that the freeway system provides numerous alternate routes for avoiding incidents that might occur on a traveler’s intended route. Evaluation efforts determined customer satisfaction with two Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) deployed during the project and the impacts of coordinated signal control on delay, safety, and the environment.

The evaluation report contained and assessment of the impact of traffic signal coordination among two jurisdictions along the same arterial corridor. The evaluation team measured the impacts of partial signal coordination along 9.6 km/5.7 mile Scottsdale/Rural road corridor. The corridor contains 21 signals, 16 in Tempe and 5 in Scottsdale. To test the impacts of coordinated signal timing, three signals in Tempe were re-timed to use the same cycle length as the Scottsdale signals, moving the break in signal progression along the corridor south beyond a major freeway access point.

The impacts of this adjustment in signal timing were measured using the floating car technique, with vehicles equipped with GPS receivers for enhanced data collection. This data, combined with a newly developed methodology for estimating emissions impacts and crash risk using speed and acceleration data, allowed assessment of the impacts of the signal coordination on travelers along the mainline of the corridor. Computer simulation allowed assessment of these impacts for the entire corridor, including side streets.

FINDINGS

Mainline analysis using test vehicles indicated small benefits of a 1.6 percent reduction in fuel consumption, a 1.2 percent increase in CO emissions, and no significant change in HC and NOx emissions. Simulation models, however, that considered the entire corridor did not show statistically significant impacts.

Notes

See Also:
Science Applications International Corporation. Cross Jurisdictional Signal Coordination in Phoenix & Seattle: Removing Barriers to Seamless Arterial Travel. U.S. Department of Transportation. Washington, DC: 2000.

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Source

Phoenix Metropolitan Model Deployment Initiative Evaluation Report

Author: C. Zimmerman (Battelle), et. al.


Published By: Federal Highway Administration, U.S. DOT

Prepared by Battelle for the U.S. DOT

Source Date: April 2000

EDL Number: 12743

Other Reference Number: Report No. FHWA-OP-00-015

URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/12743.pdf

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Related Metropolitan Integration Links

Link 26: Arterial Management intra-component

Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas

Keywords

coordinated signals, signal coordination, centralized signal control, signal synchronization, traffic signals, advanced signal control, signal timing optimization, coordinated signal control, advanced signal controller, traffic signal retiming, retiming, Coordinated Signal Control, pre-timed, pretimed, time-of-day signal timing, fixed-time

Benefit ID: 2007-00378