Be prepared to face the opportunities and challenges posed by political timetables, project deadlines, as well as pricing-equity issues for road pricing procurement and implementation.
Experience from road pricing programs in Europe and Asia
London; England; Stockholm; Sweden; Singapore; Czech Republic; Germany
Beware that political timetables and deadlines create opportunities and challenges for road pricing procurement and implementation.
- Stockholm Experience. The Stockholm demonstration period was a prescribed timeframe in which the area-wide pricing system needed to be operational on a trial basis before the planned referendum. While the schedule created urgency for system delivery, it also caused problems because of legal challenges to the procurement. The Stockholm trial was delayed five (5) months from its original planned startup, requiring extraordinary effort by business consultants, the system integrator, and agency staff to deliver the system as a 7-month trial.
- Czech Republic Experience. The Czech Republic also experienced a compressed delivery schedule because of procurement challenges. The system integrator and construction contractors had only nine (9) months to install and test the Czech truck tolling system.
- Compressed Scheduling Opportunity and Challenge. Both Stockholm and Czech Republic examples above illustrate that expedited delivery of high-functioning and reliable pricing systems is possible. However, both Stockholm and the Czech Republic are managing systems that are expensive to operate and maintain. The Stockholm program is undergoing a multiyear program of business process and systems reengineering to reduce operating costs.
- Discount Pricing in Stockholm and London. Traffic passing through Stockholm’s city center is exempt from the congestion tax to ensure that residents of Lidingö Island have access to the national highway network. Among its various discounts, London also maintains a 90 percent discount for residents in the central London congestion charging zone.
- Alternative Modes in London, Singapore and Stockholm. In London, Singapore, and Stockholm, where demand management was a prime objective for urban road pricing, significant investments in transit were made in tandem with the implementation of the road pricing program to ensure viable options to driving. Furthermore, the net revenues, directly or indirectly, are used to fund future multimodal enhancements.
- Revenue reallocation in Germany and Singapore. The use of revenue has been another means of addressing equity and perceptions of fairness. In Germany, a truck harmonization fund created from road pricing revenue pays for new truck equipment and training for cargo haulers. In Singapore, net revenues not invested in transportation projects are returned to motorists through rebates in vehicle taxes.
Author: Robert Arnold, Vance C. Smith, John Q. Doan, Rodney N. Barry, Jayme L. Blakesley, Patrick T. DeCorla-Souza, Mark F. Muriello, Gummada N. Murthy, Patty K. Rubstello, Nick A. Thompson
Published By: Federal Highway Administration, U.S. DOT
Source Date: 12/01/2010URL: http://international.fhwa.dot.gov/pubs/pl10030/pl10030.pdf
Average User Rating
Lesson of the Month for August, 2011 !
congestion pricing, value pricing, variable road pricing, managed lanes