Understand that while the viability of pricing programs is impacted by political actions, pricing signal is a potential tool for developing a sustainable transportation system.
Experience from road pricing programs in Europe and Asia
- Beware that political considerations have impact on road pricing program’s sustainability.
London. The western expansion of London’s congestion charging zone was championed by Mayor Ken Livingstone and made effective in 2007. In 2010, under the administration of Mayor Boris Johnson, the western expansion was repealed after a series of public consultations.
Germany. Commitments from the German Parliament that HGV (heavy goods vehicle) toll revenues would augment roadway funding were not kept, which jeopardizes future prospects to price other vehicles based on distance traveled or emissions class.
- Consider using the power of pricing signal to build a sustainable transportation system.
The Netherlands. The Dutch Ministry of Transport’s goal is to shift the cost from vehicle ownership to usage to create a more sustainable transportation system.
Germany. The Germans have adopted a user-pays principle for freight haulers. In addition, by having a graduated toll schedule for cleaner trucks, they have seen a 60 percent shift away from the Euro 1, 2, and 3 emission-level trucks to the cleaner Euro 4 and 5 emission-level trucks.
Singapore. Singapore estimates that its gas tax would need to be raised by SG$3 to achieve the same traffic reduction that a SG$1 increase in its ERP (Electronic Road Pricing) system because of the transparency and direct price signal of the system.
Author: Robert Arnold, Vance C. Smith, John Q. Doan, Rodney N. Barry, Jayme L. Blakesley, Patrick T. DeCorla-Souza, Mark F. Muriello, Gummada N. Murthy, Patty K. Rubstello, Nick A. Thompson
Published By: Federal Highway Administration, U.S. DOT
Source Date: 12/01/2010URL: http://international.fhwa.dot.gov/pubs/pl10030/pl10030.pdf
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