Define clear goals and pay attention to key institutional and technical factors for successful implementation of road pricing programs.
Experience from road pricing programs in Europe and Asia
London,England; Stockholm,Sweden; Singapore; Czech Republic; Germany; The Hague,Netherlands
- Have a set of clearly defined goals. Host countries and regions with clearly defined and well-understood policy goals were able to achieve their targeted outcomes most effectively.
- Consider a large-scale demonstration project. A large-scale road-pricing demonstration project is a powerful tool for building public acceptance, allowing people to experience the benefits of congestion pricing.
- Measure the program performance. Thorough planning and performance measurement pay benefits in ensuring achievement of overall goals, managing the pricing program as an element of overall transportation system performance, and directing implementation and operations effectively.
- Link the pricing structure to user benefits. Linking the pricing structure to the benefits received by the user contributes to public acceptance and helps avoid the potential negative impacts of traffic diversion.
- Conduct an effective public outreach campaign. Public outreach and communications were key components of the program at every stage: before making the implementation decision, during the program design process, and during the operational phase.
- Implement an open-source system. Open-source system designs offer long-term advantages by leveraging market competition to manage implementation and operations costs, ensure system flexibility and scalability, and establish a foundation for system interoperability.
- Pay attention to interoperability. Interoperability among states and countries is recognized as a critical issue that needs to be addressed at high levels.
- Address equity and privacy concerns. Equity and privacy concerns are addressed by host countries through exemptions, revenue use, technology, and business rules.
- Integrate pricing program with transit investments and land use plan. The urban area pricing projects integrated public transit investments and land use planning to manage congestion.
Author: Robert Arnold, Vance C. Smith, John Q. Doan, Rodney N. Barry, Jayme L. Blakesley, Patrick T. DeCorla-Souza, Mark F. Muriello, Gummada N. Murthy, Patty K. Rubstello, Nick A. Thompson
Published By: Federal Highway Administration, U.S. DOT
Source Date: 12/01/2010URL: http://international.fhwa.dot.gov/pubs/pl10030/pl10030.pdf
Average User Rating
congestion pricing, value pricing, variable road pricing, managed lanes