Enhance transit safety and security systems by integrating voice and data technologies and by leveraging video-based systems.
Experience with emerging transit ITS technologies and trends.
30 March 2006
Cedar Rapids,Iowa,United States; Newark,New Jersey,United States; New York City,New York,United States
- Integrate voice and data systems to provide interoperable communications with other onboard systems. Central to most transit agency's onboard safety and security systems are voice communications. There have been many regional, state, and federal efforts to achieve interoperability of radio voice communications among agencies that operate large fleets of vehicles, such as police, fire, and emergency medical teams, and operating agencies such as public transit. Local first responders and public transit are often left to use proprietary, non-compatible electronic radios with non-standardized data definitions and are unable to communicate across agency or organizational boundaries during a crisis. The lack of standardization results in inefficient redundancies and the inability to leverage large radio infrastructure investments such as transmission towers, electrical switches, and power generation equipment.
- In Cedar Rapids, Iowa they have implemented a system that uses wireless Internet access hubs and inexpensive wireless modem cards on transit vehicles to provide seamless Internet access throughout the transit corridor. This system provides a virtually endless variety of data and information packages that can be communicated to and from transit vehicles providing an interoperable platform for voice and data communications.
- Enhance overall transit safety and security programs by implementing video assessment systems. Transit management can achieve significant returns on most of its safety and security investments by deploying a video assessment system that leverages an agency's other safety and security assets. The primary advantage to video assessment systems is their ability to record and archive information for real-time and archival use.
- For example, the New Jersey Transit (NJT) video assessment system is effective because of the interdisciplinary, multi-agency, multi-jurisdictional way in which it is used. The functional requirements for the system were defined under the direction of the NJT police chief, who worked closely with the head of the Information Technology Department who, in turn, specified the technical aspects of the system. The police chief chose requirements not only from transit operations, but from strong working relationships with the New Jersey State Police, Amtrak, New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Author: Hwang, Mimi, et al.
Published By: U.S. DOT Federal Transit Administration
Source Date: 30 March 2006
Other Reference Number: FTA-NJ-26-7062-06.1URL: http://www.fta.dot.gov/assistance/research/research_5091.html
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CCTV, closed circuit television cameras, security