Use a common Concept of Operations for evacuation operations that clarifies stakeholder roles and defines coordination activities for all operational phases of the evacuation.
Usefulness of a shared transportation operations plan in emergency evacuations with advance notice.
- In developing a common CONOPS for evacuation operations, integrate traffic management into all phases of the evacuation. The highway network is the most commonly used means to evacuate the population from harm's way. It is also used in all phases of evacuation operations, including transporting emergency responders to an incident, moving resources (such as medical supplies or firefighting equipment) and returning evacuees during re-entry operations. Therefore, traffic management and highway operations are integral to evacuation CONOPS, and transportation officials with the appropriate authorities are among its key stakeholders.
- Even if a CONOPS is for a local evacuation, coordinate with neighboring jurisdictions. An evacuation CONOPS is developed by local authorities to meet the needs of its community. However, evacuations could impact or even require assistance from neighboring jurisdictions. In addition, evacuations involve the highway system, a resource that is shared among neighboring communities. To obtain support from other jurisdictions and to coordinate the management of the highway network, it is necessary for emergency management to share their local evacuation CONOPS with neighboring communities. Sharing a local CONOPS will clarify the roles and responsibilities of different agencies and improve the ability of emergency responders from neighboring jurisdictions to coordinate their emergency response.
- In the CONOPS, establish agreements for supplemental support from neighboring jurisdictions. Emergency events do not confine themselves neatly within jurisdictional boundaries, and can have an impact across communities. Indeed, evacuees fleeing from harm's way (e.g., from an approaching hurricane) may require shelter in neighboring towns, counties or states. Thus, a CONOPS for local evacuations that focuses on the local response must also address the potential demands of a larger scale evacuation and establish support agreements with neighboring jurisdictions and regional partners on responding to incidents (e.g., fighting a wildfire), providing shelter for evacuees, and conducting highway operations in the evacuation. Similarly, supplemental support agreements among neighboring highway agencies are necessary to facilitate the re-entry of evacuees.
Author: Houston, Nancy
Published By: Prepared by Booze Allen Hamilton for the USDOT FHWA
Source Date: December 2006
Other Reference Number: FHWA-HOP-06-109URL: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/evac_primer/primer.pdf
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